The Common Types of Personal Injury Cases

The Common Types of Personal Injury Cases

Usually, we file a personal injury case to get compensation for someone who has suffered an injury caused by negligence or carelessness from another person. Although any accident or incident could result in a personal injury case, the most common personal injury cases are shared below.

Auto Accident Cases

This is the most common personal injury claim in the United States. Usually, a vehicle accident happens because someone has broken the traffic rules or driven not as carefully as the person should. In general, a careless driver is financially liable for the injuries resulting from the car accident. However, there are exceptions in some no-fault states, which drivers need to collect from their insurers.

Workplace Accident Cases

Workplace injuries commonly result from falls, manual materials handling, repetitive motion injuries, slips, motor vehicle accidents, and more. In almost all cases, workplace accidents resulting in an injury must be reported to our employer’s insurance provider. In many states, worker compensation is mandatory, and employers have to fund the insurance to remedy personal injury claims resulting from the workplace. However, if the employers do not have insurance for personal injuries resulting from the workplace, there may be other legal options to seek remedy.

Slip & Fall Cases

These are also common personal injury cases in the country. Usually, the owners or even the renters of properties have a legal obligation to keep their properties reasonably safe with no hazards; thus, people in their properties do not get injured. However, not all of the injuries occurring on properties will result in liability. The nature of the legal duty of a property owner is varied based on different factors. For example, the law can differ depending on the state where the injury occurs.

Dog Bite Cases

Usually, the owners of dogs are financially liable for bites or other injuries resulting from the dogs. It doesn’t matter if it’s a tiny bite leaving minimal markings or the strongest dog bite resulting in stitches, or even surgery. However, the laws related to owner responsibility are different from state to state. Some states have strict liability rules, and dog owners are liable for the damages caused by dog bites even if the dog did not have aggression or the propensity to bite before. However, some other states have one-bite rules, and dog owners are only liable for the damages if there is a reason the dog owners know that the dogs are aggressive and prone to biting.

Product Liability Cases

When a person gets injured because of using a defective product, product liability occurs. Thus, the person is entitled to seek recovery for the injuries. However, certain types of damages resulting from products, like those sustained from unavoidably dangerous products, are excluded.

Medical Malpractice Cases

Malpractice could arise because a doctor or other medical professional who provides a treatment falls below the standard of the appropriate medical care; thus, it causes an injury to the patient. However, having a bad result from a treatment does not necessarily mean that medical malpractice has occurred.

Defamation Cases

These cases include libel and slander and refer to the damages to a person’s reputation caused by untrue and harmful statements. The exact nature of damages that the person has to prove is different, depending on who the damaged person is and on what forum these statements spread. For example, average people and celebrities have to provide proof that untrue statements were made to differing standards.

Intentional Tort Cases

Unlike other personal injury cases, this type of claim does not depend on accidents resulting from negligence or carelessness. Just the opposite, it arises when one person injures or harms another on purpose such as assault, battery, and other crimes. In general, this type of case can involve an additional aspect of a criminal case against the wrongdoer. For example, if one person attacks another physically, that person could face criminal charges. Meanwhile, the victim could also file a personal injury claim in civil court to seek recovery for damages resulting from the attack.